All digraphs (except Cw- and Cy-) are unit phonemes; /ll/ represents a retroflexed dental with lateral release [d`l], /j/ is [dZ], /ch/ is [tS]; final /q/ is pronounced [ʔ]. Vowels: /è/ is anywhere between [E] and [æ]; /ò/ is [O]; /ÿ/ is barred-i ; /r/ is a retroflexed central vowel, like [3^] in rhotic English her.
The tones are: h = high, f = high-falling, m = mid, l = low, r = low-rising. Tone contours of compounds or phrases are written in parentheses after, so (mh).
bawh great, imposing, magnificent
bèwl to teach
chÿngf to know (things)
dÿr there is not; (naw) dÿ + VB 'not [supposed] to VB'
dawh pron. 2nd pers.sing.
dayl to give, bestow, endow
-de (suffix, takes tone of preceding word) plural marker
di-da: (mh) rejoice, have pleasure
dil (prep.) locative-- in, at, on etc.
diwl motion, movement
do:ngr to play, do-do:ng lr (adverbial)
duÿhl existence, life
duÿngl guts, innards
duhh to answer, respond
dzihr to sing
e ya (lh) (part.) well now, well then
eqm (conj.) and
fiwm nasty, horrible, vicious; twisted, perverted
grm to do, act
he: h interj. to call attention
hil personal article (here, what follows in "..." is a personal name/title/epithet)
jal (interrog) what?
jongr to dance
kom (part.) question marker (precedes, may follow)
kuÿf (n.) question
kwah same as, equivalent; ADJ kwa N 'as ADJ as N'
lahm to cut off, remove by cutting
layf (lit. 'things') pron., what, that which...
lengm quick, rapid
llaqr to tell (story), narrate
loyr the human body
mom 1st pers. sing pronoun
mrl (conj.) when, while
nÿm there is
naqm to hide
ngwam real, genuine
nyangh to eat
ol (dem.) that
pèng-ting (hm) comrade, associate
peqm (vb) to perk up, prick up
pu:ngm reason, cause
qa:q-tay (mh) "heart, soul"
sÿqf pron. 1st pers.pl.
sa:ngl throw away
sèwm to watch, look at, observe
shoh rel.pron, who, which, that
shoqm to open up
-so (emphatic part., takes preceding tone)
tÿngm (conj.) but
treqm to rip (redup, intensive)
trih (adv) then
-u (part., takes preceding tone) just, only
wa:qf (interj.) cry of pain, amazement
xweh to murder, kill violently
yem pron. 3rd pers.sing.masc.
yehl pron. 3rd pers. sing. fem.
yungr moor, wasteland